Academic Year 2021-2022

Lectures for Fall 2021 will be held online via Zoom. Spring 2022 presentations will be held either online or in-person. See below for the current details for each presenter. Registration for Zoom presentations can be found below. All lectures are free and open to the public.

Catrina Kim

Assistant Professor of Music Theory
UNC Greensboro School of Music

Friday, September 24, 2021, 4pm

“Sonata o…: Fanny Hensel’s Sonata o Fantasia (1829) and String Quartet (1834)”

To be presented on Zoom:


Presentation Abstract

English-language musicological research on Fanny Hensel has proliferated since Marcia Citron first sought access to the composer’s manuscripts and letters at the Mendelssohn Archive in 1979 and since “Hensel research” became an established sub-topic under the umbrella of “Mendelssohn research” in the 1980s. North American music theorists have also begun publishing analytical studies within the last fifteen years (Malin 2010, Ng 2011, and Rodgers 2011a, 2011b, and 2018).

With one exception (Osborne 2021), these studies have focused primarily on the composer’s Lieder and short piano works. My talk addresses two chamber works by Hensel: the Sonata o Fantasia for piano and cello (1829) and the opening movement of Hensel’s only string quartet (1834). While neither work has received thorough treatment by Anglophone analysts, Annegret Huber analyzes both in German (1997 and 2001), and R. Larry Todd discusses these works in his biography of Hensel (2010). Huber also draws a connection between these two works and Hensel’s Sonata o Capriccio for solo piano, composed in 1824.

While the “sonata” principle in the earlier Sonata o Fantasia is explicit in its title, the opening movement of the string quartet lacks this titular evidence. I argue that there is compelling evidence of the sonata principle in this movement: in addition to the force of genre-based expectation and her longstanding interest in Beethoven’s late style, Hensel’s compositions from the years 1824–1834 demonstrate her longstanding engagement with classical sonata form alongside other formal genres.

kailan rubinoff portrait

Kailan Rubinoff

Associate Professor of Musicology
UNC Greensboro School of Music

Friday, November 19, 2021, 4pm

“The Early Music Vocality of Cathy Berberian”

To be presented on Zoom:


Presentation Abstract

This presentation explores the contributions of mezzo-soprano Cathy Berberian (1925–1983) to the historical performance movement. Berberian, an Armenian-American active in Italy, is renowned as a “pioneer of contemporary vocality” (Karantonis et al.), celebrated for her virtuosic interpretations of contemporary music, theatrical stage presence, and collaborations with leading European composers, chief among them her former husband Luciano Berio. 

Berberian was at the height of her career during the 1960s and 1970s, a critical period for both the postwar avant-garde and the early music revival. While experimental composers abandoned serialism, turned to studio technologies, and employed unconventional notation and extended techniques to forge a new musical language, so too did historical performers reject conventional orchestras, instead adopting period instruments and examining historical sources. In Berberian, the early music and contemporary music scenes converged in one figure: she was at the nexus of a group of composers, performers and intellectuals whose work engaged extensively with the music of the past, e.g., through transcription, quotation, parody, rupture, dialogue or dialectic.

Berberian’s “historical” vocality was likewise groundbreaking: in performances of Purcell, Monteverdi and others, especially with conductor Nikolaus Harnoncourt, she presented fresh perspectives on early music. Her professionalism helped historical performance gain mainstream critical legitimacy, while her dramatic timing and textual sensitivity imbued Monteverdian characters with renewed vitality, distinguishing her readings from “straight” or romanticized interpretations. These performances were subtle in their radicalism: in early repertoire Berberian developed an alternative to bel canto singing that appealed to historical performers and avant-garde composers alike. Berberian’s career complicates twentieth-century music historiography, which has portrayed the historical performance movement as regressive (Adorno), or as reflecting Stravinskian rather than historical aesthetics (Taruskin). For performers, Berberian’s ultimate legacy was in establishing the contemporary/early music specialist as a viable profession, inspiring successive generations of musicians.

Anna Gawboy Portrait

Anna Gawboy

Associate Professor of Music Theory
The Ohio State University, School of Music

Friday, February 25th, 2022, 4pm

“Esoteric Musical Modernism”

To be presented on Zoom:


Presentation Abstract

Twentieth century musical modernism is characterized by what Douglas Kahn has called a “sonic plenitude,” or a sheer abundance of new sounds. Composers created unique tonal systems, reimagined the relationships between consonance and dissonance, searched for unusual timbres and fresh means of resonance, sought transcultural synthesis by combining techniques from diverse global musics, and used technology to transform the sound wave itself. I consider the extent to which these innovations were motivated by Theosophy, a transcultural movement that synthesized Western esotericism with Indian spiritual traditions and popularized this synthesis for a modern global audience. Although Theosophy cannot be associated with one specific compositional style, orientalism and a belief in the metaphysical agency of sound emerged as central preoccupations associated with an esoteric musical aesthetic. The idea that music was an analogue for the divine energy of the universe stimulated composers’ imaginative ideation, enabling them to break away from inherited models and produce some of the most iconic musical innovations of the twentieth century. Theosophy’s emphasis on the transcendent power of vibration shaped modernist aesthetics across the arts, with a particularly profound impact on the development of abstract, non-figurative painting. Scholarly understanding of the impact of Theosophy on music has been largely confined to case studies, which reveal engagement on an individual level but do not show the breadth of Theosophy’s reach. This lecture provides a broad overview, suggesting that the influence of Theosophy and related esoteric currents on musical modernism has so far been dramatically underestimated.

Madrid Portrait

Alejandro Madrid

Professor and Chair
Cornell University, Department of Music

Friday, March 18, 2022, 4pm

“Mapping Out Traces of Performative Listening: Writing as Archival Constellation”

UNCG, Music Building, Room 217

Presentation Abstract

This lecture proposes a revision of nationalist Mexican music historiography that takes as point of departure a comparative analysis of two books published in 1930s Mexico City, Daniel Castañeda and Vicente T. Mendoza’s Instrumental precortesiano (1933) and Carlos Chávez’s Hacía una nueva música/Toward a New Music (1932–1937). Following on Ana María Ochoa Gautier’s work, this lecture provides an “acoustically tuned” analysis of these two books as archives of aspirations and desires within the context of a reconceptualization of the notion of musical and sound archives based on practices of listening and imagining. This archival constellation offers a window into understanding the performative relation between modernity and tradition that informs the postrevolutionary Mexican nationalist narrative. The lecture suggests that the counterpoint between the invention of the past and the imagination of the future that the writing of these two books puts in evidence is key in understanding the aspirational essentialism that has informed Mexican music historiography in the last ninety years.

Chana portrait

Nadia Chana

Assistant Professor of Ethnomusicology
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Mead Witter School of Music

Friday, April 1, 2022, 4pm

“Settler Publics, Ugly Feelings”

To be presented on Zoom:


Presentation Abstract

This talk unfolds from a performance in a concert hall on Musqueam territory in Vancouver, British Columbia: a collaboration between Inuk (singular of Inuit) singer Tanya Tagaq and Greenlandic mask dancer, Laakkuluk. This performance allows me to consider slippages between audiences and publics as well as the modes of address both come to expect in concert halls and related venues. Taking up those whom Tagaq call “some people”—“I find it a little ridiculous that some people can take a bite of hamburger from McDonald’s, but if they saw a dead cow on the ground, they’d go, ‘Ewww!’”—I engage with Tanya Tagaq both in her capacity as a performer and as a kind of literary critic: in performing for these implicitly settler publics, Tagaq reads them. I attempt to read these publics alongside her, suggesting that Tagaq has used over time the affordances of mainstream settler conceptions of Indigeneity (writ large) to produce what is at once legible enough to draw in settler audiences and yet increasingly viscerally unsettling for these audiences. I further suggest that “ugly feelings,” usually associated with minority positionings, are what creep up on and mark these audiences (Ngai 2005). Ultimately, I argue that thinking alongside Tanya Tagaq helps us rethink conventional notions of publics by bringing into view dominant settler publics: those publics that remain invisible to themselves as publics even as they exert considerable force in shaping concert halls and adjacent spheres.

Eyssallenne portrait

Jazmin Graves Eyssallenne

Assistant Professor
UNCG, Department of African American and African Diasporic Studies

Friday April 22nd, 2022, 4pm

“Ancestral Voices: The Musical and Spiritual Technologies of Sidi Goma

To be presented on Zoom:


Presentation Abstract

Sidis, Indian Muslims of African ancestry, living in the state of Gujarat in western India have navigated the interstices of marginal identities. Sidis have faced anti-black racism, the exoticization and exploitation of their musical performance tradition, and violent targeting based on their religious identity as Muslims. Nevertheless, Sidis’ reverence for their ancestral saints – African Sufis who settled in Gujarat in the fourteenth century – provides the foundation for resilience and the proud preservation of African cultural heritage. The Sidi Sufi devotional tradition centers upon the veneration of Bava Gor, Bava Habash, and Mai Misra, three African Rifai Sufi saints remembered as siblings, using musical instruments in ritual performance contexts that suggest East African origins. Building on the concepts of “ngoma consciousness” and its “spiritual technologies” as propounded by Nkosenathi Koela (University of Cape Town), this presentation examines the devotional song lyrics, musical instruments, and ritual practices of Sidi goma as they forge intergenerational links between Sidi ancestor-saints and ‘descendant’-devotees in western India. Sidi devotional songs, musical instruments and ritual practices are non-written mediums that have allowed for the perpetuation of East African linguistic elements, cultural forms, and healing modalities in western India over the centuries. At the same time, East African ngoma traditions have transformed in diaspora, becoming enrooted in the multivalent religio-cultural landscape of western India. This presentation surveys the preservation and transformation of East African musical and ritual forms in the Sidi Sufi devotional tradition of Gujarat.

Academic Year 2020–2021

Lectures for the Fall 2020-2021 will be held online via Zoom. Spring 2022 has yet to be determined. Registration can be found below. All lectures are free and open to the public.

This year’s Series will participate in the UNCG theme “She Can We Can” and features research about
women, gender, and/or civil rights.

Joan Titus

Associate Professor
Musicology/Ethnomusicology, UNCG

Friday, September 25, 2020, 4pm.

To be presented on Zoom. For registration click here.

“Gender and Music in Dmitry Shostakovich’s Scores for Late Stalinist Films”


Presentation Abstract

Dmitry Shostakovich was Russia’s first major film composer, and worked within the Soviet film industry from 1929 through 1971. In many ways, he is significant case study for how Soviet Russian musicians negotiated their musical identities within this new category of composer. Unsurprisingly, the cultural politics of the arts industries, including music and cinema, addressed and participated in representations of race and ethnicity, gender and sexuality, and national/transnational identities. In this talk, I discuss the construction of gender in Stalinist cinema in film composition as heard in Shostakovich’s late Stalinist scores. Focusing on a few films from the mid to late 1940s, I examine how Shostakovich musically represented gender, and how that music connected with and informed contemporaneous politics. This talk is part of a broader study, over the course of three books, of Shostakovich’s particular negotiation of cultural politics and the Soviet film industry during his tenure as a film composer.

Jessica Swanston Baker

Assistant Professor
Ethnomusicology, University of Chicago

Friday, October 16, 2020, 4pm.

To be presented on Zoom. For registration click here.

“Armed with Sound: Noisy Women and the Beginning of the West Indies Labor Movement”


Presentation Abstract

A series of civil unrest incidents that have been historically chronicled as “riots” on sugar plantations across the British Caribbean colonies, calcified as a sustained movement for labor rights amongst Black workers on various islands in the Caribbean archipelago. This political effort, the West Indies Labor Movement (1934–39) has, like many others like it, been understood as male-dominated political action. Taking up the notion of noise as disruption, this talk describes how the most prominent term for, and vehicle of, protest during the post-emancipation era, the riot, was not always a description of acts of male-led physical violence. Instead, especially on smaller islands like St. Kitts, this term has been deployed as part of a larger commentary on the prominent role of loud, singing, playing, dancing, and verbally protesting women who were integral to sustained political resistance. Drawing on recent research that disturbs the primacy of material artefacts over the oral histories of women, this talk highlights the importance of “making noise” within the colloquial narratives of Caribbean women whose legacies of activism and agitation have been silenced by the abundant and noisy archives of papers, legers, receipts, and memos that selectively chronicle the business and activities of men.

Julie Hubbert

Associate Professor
Musicology and Film/Media Studies, University of South Carolina

Friday, January 22, 2021, 4pm.

“Barbra Streisand and Second Wave Feminism in New Hollywood Film”


Presentation Abstract

The women’s liberation movement was among the most important political discourses to emerge in 1960s and 1970s.  Like many political movements, however, this “second wave” of feminism had an uneven effect on the art and literature of the period.  It triggered an appreciable surge of feminist literature, but the movement’s effect on cinema, on Hollywood studio filmmaking in particular, was virtually unnoticeable.  Although American filmmaking was experiencing a renaissance, a period of experimentation that challenged conventional narrative strategies, camera and editing practices, women participated very little in this “New Hollywood.”  The image of women on screen changed comparatively little and opportunities to direct and wield executive power remained non-existent.  The expanded male-centricity in front and behind the camera in 70s Hollywood, in fact, as critic Molly Haskell observed, was something of a backlash against the women’s movement.  

This presentation interrogates feminist filmmaking in New Hollywood at the height of the “women’s lib” movement in the early 1970s by reassessing the work of one of the most popular and successful actresses of the period: Barbra Streisand.  Few film scholars include Barbra among their lists of feminists even though Streisand was a formidable presence in Hollywood in the 1970s.  By looking more closely not only at the roles she played but at the control she exerted over the use of her voice, and the unconventional sound practices she pursued in five early 1970s films, The Owl and the Pussycat, What’s Up, Doc?, Up The Sandbox, the Way We Were, and For Pete’s Sake, this presentation offers a reappraisal of Streisand’s contributions to New Hollywood and to second wave feminism.

Yayoi Uno Everett

Music Theory, University of Illinois, Chicago

Friday, February 5, 2021, 4pm.

“Kaija Saariaho and Peter Sellars’s Only the Sound Remains (2016): Transcoding the Aesthetics of Noh Drama”


Presentation Abstract

 Saariaho and Sellars’s Only the Sound Remains (2016): 

Transcoding the aesthetics of Noh drama

Only the Sound Remains (2016) is the third opera produced in collaboration between Peter Sellars and Kaija Saariaho. Sellars famously described Noh drama as a theatre in which “everything is slowed down to a pace where we can feel what is going on at each moment” and shares his thoughts behind linking two otherwise separate plays in the making of this opera as follows. Tsunemasa (Always Strong) is about night, a favorite of the Emperor who played the lute, who killed someone in war and then was killed. He is a restless spirit, who appears during a service conducted by the monk Gyōkei, then disappears into the night in flame. Hagoromo (the Feather Mantle) is about a fisherman at dawn, who sees a cloak hanging from a pine. He agrees to return it to the Tennin (celestial maiden) if she performs the sacred dance of heaven. Considering the opera as a transcultural adaptation of Noh drama, this presentation explores three main questions. How does Sellars reimagine the illusory world of Noh drama into a contemporary opera and infuse it with familiar archetypes from western mythology? How does Saariaho’s music salvage characteristics central to the music of Noh drama and transcode them into her own musico-dramatic aesthetics? Finally, given David Levin’s claim that contemporary opera is “a site where the operatic text competes with the performance text” (2007: xviii), how does one account for “the tension between sight and sound” (McClary 2019: 136) that lies  at the heart of this collaboration?

Jocelyn Neal

Bowman and Gordon Gray Distinguished Term Professor of Music
Music Theory, UNC Chapel Hill

Friday, February 26, 2021, 4pm.

“Singing Your Own Songs:  How Female Songwriters Navigate Intellectual Property and Public Authenticity”


Presentation Abstract

When fans of today’s country music listen to a song, they hear many layers of voices:  the narrative voice of the protagonist, the physical voice of the artist, the metaphoric voices of the genre and its intertextuality, and the creative voice of its songwriter, whose identity is often hidden behind the façade of the performance.  Although the songwriter’s voice and persona have taken the spotlight at a few different times in recent history, more commonly, the one person who can rightly claim legal ownership of a particular song is displaced by the physical presence of the performer. The intersection between these layers of voices is even more complicated for female songwriters working in country music, where gendered representation underpins the genre’s core philosophies. In this paper we will explore the landscape of cultural ownership for contemporary female country songwriters and the challenges of writing songs in one’s own voice to be sung by someone else.   Drawing on interviews, reception history, and close readings of individual songs, we will reflect on how a songwriter’s personal voice carries through to the fans, and what is filtered out by the same music industry that claims to crave an authentic, personal voice from its performers.

Yun Emily Wang

Assistant Professor
Ethnomusicology, Duke University (Starting Fall 2020)

Friday, March 26, 2021, 4pm.

“Sounding ‘Homes’ and Making Do in Sinophone Toronto”


Presentation Abstract

Abstract is forthcoming.

Nina Eidsheim

Musicology, UCLA

Friday, April 16, 2021, 4pm.

“Ime mean, I knewknow I’m was kinda tall for highasking: How we Teach Machines to Listen for (Certain) Accents to Reinforce Racism”


Presentation Abstract

Going back to the mid-1950s, Kodak famously standardized their Shirley cards test, used to calibrate color when printing photos. Jersson Garcia who worked at a photo Lab told the NPR: “‘She was the standard’ ‘so whenever we printed anything, we had to pull Shirley in. If Shirley looked good, everything else was OK. If Shirley didn’t look so hot that day, we had to tweak something — something was wrong.’” We saw the same premise of the technology in the youtube videos that were shared in around the Christmas shopping season in 2009—HP webcams that “can’t see black people.” In this presentation I argue that in the same way as Kodak film and HP cameras were calibrated for white skin color, voice- and listening technology also carries and reproduce the same social bias, discrimination, and racism. Considering the vocal synthesis software Vocaloid, voice to text technology, and the Voice Bank Monopoly game, I consider how vocal and listening technology listens for, against, and in non-recognition of certain accents, vocal performances standing in for non-whiteness.

Spring 2020

A light reception will follow each lecture. All lectures are free and open to the public.

Gregory Carroll

Associate Professor
Music Theory and Musicology UNC Greensboro

Wednesday, February 19, 2020 – 4pm

UNCG Music Building Room 235

“My Recent Life in Octatonia”

Presentation Abstract

This lecture is an opportunity to share some of my compositions with many of you who have not had a chance to hear my works performed.

Over the course of my 39 years on the School of Music faculty, my compositional style and approach have changed from serialism to alternate modalities using quartal/quintal harmonic structures and use of pentatonic and hexatonic scales.  During the last 10-12 years I have been exploring melodic and harmonic possibilities of the octatonic scale as a source of pitch organization.

My presentation will be primarily experiential (listening) and conversational.  Theoretical aspects will be discussed as they relate to representative compositions.  Selected works to be discussed and heard include sonatas for each of the following: violin, cello and clarinet.  My presentation will conclude with the second and third movements of Ala Barocca—a work dedicated to the basso continuo (here: bassoon and piano) to have the opportunity to escape “beast of burden” status and to function as “soloists” instead! This work is a Baroque concerto, but in a style seen through the lens of the octatonic scale.

David Aarons

Assistant Professor
Ethnomusicology UNC Greensboro

Wednesday, March 11, 2020 – 4pm

UNCG Music Building Room 235

“From Jah Rastafari to Ras Tafari: The Glocalization of Reggae Music in Ethiopia through Negotiations of Proximity”

Presentation Abstract

From Jah Rastafari to Ras Tafari: The Glocalization of Reggae Music in Ethiopia through Negotiations of Proximity

Reggae music was created in Jamaica in the 1960s and subsequently became popular worldwide. While various studies examine the globalization of reggae music, my research focusses on the glocalization of reggae in Ethiopia—the Rastafarian Promised Land. I build on the work of Timothy Rommen and Marvin Sterling who investigate the ways reggae is linked to Rastafari ideology in its globalization and glocalization. In this presentation, drawing on ethnographic research and music analysis, I examine how the processes of globalization in Ethiopia intersect with Ethiopian nationalism and Rastafari migration to Ethiopia. More specifically, I investigate the extent to which Ethiopian reggae singers position themselves in relation to the Rastafari movement in order to be perceived as authentic reggae artists while maintaining their Ethiopian identities. This process of negotiating proximity impacts how Ethiopians localize reggae music and reveals the tensions, and potential compatibilities, between Ethiopians and Rastafarians.

Mark J. Butler

Music Theory and Cognition Northwestern University

Friday, April 3, 2020 – 4pm.

UNCG Music Building. Cone Lecture Hall, Room 217

“Bodies, Instruments, Interfaces: Theorizing the Materialities of Performance in Electronic Dance Music”

Presentation Abstract


Fall 2019

All lectures will be held on the UNCG campus in the Music Building, Lecture Hall (Room 217). A light reception will follow each lecture in the Lecture Hall. All lectures are free and open to the public.

Jacqueline Avila

Associate Professor
University of Tennessee, School of Music

September 13, 2019 – 4pm

“The Sounds of Desire, Seduction, and Nostalgia: Musicalizing Femininity in cine mexicano (1936–1952)”

Presentation Abstract

The Sounds of Desire, Seduction, and Nostalgia: Musicalizing Femininity in cine mexicano (1931–1952)

During the 1930s and 1940s, the Mexican film industry produced genres that depicted crucial characteristics that shaped mexicanidad (the cultural identity of the Mexican people) and highlighted on-screen musical performances, particularly by male characters. Although national cinema focused predominantly on the representation of Mexican masculinity and machismo (evident in the singing charro), the visual and aural representations of femininity and womanhood were explored in two significant genres: the prostitute melodrama and the cine de añoranza porfiriana (films of Porfirian longing). Women characters in these films (such as the prostitute and the debutante) mirrored contemporary societal beliefs and followed narratives in which their social behaviors were scrutinized and criticized as they attempt to move outside of the status quo. Diegetic musical performances were intertwined in these narratives, exposing the societal contradictions of contemporary Mexican culture, particularly the precarious position of women.

Elizabeth Keathley

Associate Professor
UNCG, Musicology and Ethnomusicology Area

October 18, 2019 – 4pm

“Voicing the Opposition: Lila Downs, El demagogo, and Balas y chocolate”

Presentation Abstract

Voicing the Opposition: Lila Downs, El Demagogo, and Balas y Chocolate

In her 2015 CD Balas y Chocolate (Bullets and Chocolate), Mixtec–American singer-songwriter Lila Downs (b.1969)—perhaps best known to U.S. audiences for her cameo in the film Frida (2002)—weaves themes of the Day of the Dead ceremony across varied songs in vernacular and transnational styles to create a coherent, vigorous, extended musico-poetic critique of greed, corruption, violence, and environmental degradation. In doing so, she conjures the figure of the “new mestiza,” described by Chicana feminist Gloria Anzaldúa (1942–2002) as a woman of mixed cultures, languages, and identities, with “a new mestiza consciousness, una conciencia de mujer, a consciousness of the Borderlands” (Borderlands/La Frontera, 1987).

This paper considers three songs from the CD, including the title song, “Humito de copal” (copal smoke), and “La patria madrina” (Motherland), as well as Downs’s more recent “El Demagogo” (The demagogue), which she sang at the U.S. Mexico border (2016).

Sara Snyder

Assistant Professor and Director of the Cherokee Language Program
Western Carolina University, Department of Anthropology and Sociology

November 15, 2019 – 4pm

“Sound, Sociality, and the Making of Mountain Skies”

Presentation Abstract

Sound, Sociality, and the Making of Mountain Skies

In May 2019, the Mountain Skies Festival was held in Black Mountain, North Carolina, twenty miles outside of Asheville. Described as “three days of ambient electronic music,” the annual festival brings together local experimental electronic musicians and visual artists with musicians from around the world who gather to perform almost exclusively for each other. This talk will discuss the making of an ethnographic film about the festival called The Mountain Electric. The film draws upon numerous interviews and audio-visual recordings of performances from the festival to explore participants’ social histories, experiences, and relationships to technologies and each other. Ambient music emerges not as a well-defined genre or recognizable set of stylistic features, but rather as a matrix of practices and ideologies shared across multiple and overlapping virtual and local communities. Ambient musical sounds and production practices coalesce around and intersect with discourses about technology, experimentation, and (often) alternative spiritualities. They are mediated across internet radio, the Second Life virtual world, Facebook, and through localized face-to-face events such as the Mountain Skies festival. This talk will include clips from the film to illustrate key points that the film seeks to make and will also discuss some of the considerations and challenges of creating a musical ethnographic documentary.



Presented by the School of Music, and Musicology/Ethnomusicology and Music Theory Areas
For further information contact Joan Titus at

Irna PrioreIrna Priore (1963–2014) was a beloved colleague, and associate professor of music theory in the UNCG School of Music. In addition to being a flutist, she was a scholar, teacher, and mentor in music studies, and contributed publications on Luciano Berio, Darmstadt, post-1945 theory, and Brazilian popular music. Her legacy of generosity, strength, and brilliance continues through her family, friends, colleagues, and students; this series is dedicated to her and celebrates her memory.